Systems

Grand Rounds: Purines, Alcohol, and Fatty Liver Disease

April 8, 2009
Grand Rounds: Purines, Alcohol, and Fatty Liver Disease

Commentary by Peter Shue MD, PGY-3

The medical grand rounds presentation on March 4, 2009 was delivered by a distinguished NYU faculty member and research investigator, Dr. Bruce Cronstein.  Although his training and research is primarily in rheumatology, he breathed new insight into mechanisms of fatty liver disease.  In his talk, he reviewed his own published experiments showing that fatty liver disease, similar to gout, is potentiated by elevations in adenosine. …

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Bedside to Bench: Clubbing Revisited

April 3, 2009
Bedside to Bench: Clubbing Revisited

Commentary by Judith Brenner MD, Associate Editor, Clinical Correlations 

Faculty Peer Reviewed 

For an internist, discovering a patient with clubbing is so rewarding since it appeals to the core of our profession, a profession which can often be very similar to that of a detective. The physical finding of clubbing was first described by the ancient Greeks, who recognized it to be a clue to much more.

When a clinician discovers clubbing of the fingers, he must consider that hypoxemia may…

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BREAKING NEWS: Another Nut that You’d Rather Not…

March 31, 2009
BREAKING NEWS: Another Nut that You’d Rather Not…

FDA ALERTS CONSUMERS TO RECALL OF PISTACHIO PRODUCTS

Commentary by Rebecca Hall MD, PGY-1

Growing concerns over Salmonella  contamination of pistachio products sold by Setton Pistachio of Terra Bella Inc in California have lead the manufacturer to voluntarily recall about a million pounds of its pistachio containing products. 1  The recall involves bulk lots o f roasted shelled pistachios and roasted inshell pistachios shipped on or after September 1st 2008. 2 Because pistachios are a component of numerous other products including many baked…

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Deciphering Fact from Fiction in Hypoglycemia

March 26, 2009
Deciphering Fact from Fiction in Hypoglycemia

Commentary by Melissa Price, MD PGY3

Faculty Peer Reviewed

A 42 year-old male phlebotomist with a history of anxiety presented to the emergency room complaining of four hours of dizziness and diaphoresis. He denied taking any medications. His vitals were stable, his physical exam was significant for a lethargic, diaphoretic young man without focal findings, and his fingerstick value was 43mg/dL. His chest X-ray, EKG, and laboratory results, with the exception of plasma glucose, were within normal limits.

Why is this…

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Salmonella Update

March 21, 2009
Salmonella Update

Commentary by Sherley Abraham MD, PGY-3

The CDC reports there have been 666 cases and 9 deaths associated with Salmonella Typhimurium infections. The outbreak began September 1st, 2008 and has spread across 45 states, including 30 cases in New York. The source has been traced back to peanut butter and peanut paste made at the production company in Blakely, Georgia which is owned and operated by the Peanut Corporation of America. There is a nationwide product recall which can be found on the…

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Myths and Realities: Does the Weather Really Affect Arthritis?

March 19, 2009
Myths and Realities: Does the Weather Really Affect Arthritis?

Welcome to the first installment of Myths and Realities! With each post we hope to tackle some of the longstanding myths often perpetuated by patients and physicians alike. Through literature reviews we will attempt to validate or debunk these beliefs in an evidence-based manner. We hope you enjoy (and learn a little bit)!

Commentary by Aditya Mattoo MD PGY-3

Faculty Peer Reviewed

For our first post, I wanted to address the age old belief that changes in the weather can affect arthritis pain.…

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Grand Rounds: The New Frontier of Sleep Disorders

March 18, 2009
Grand Rounds: The New Frontier of Sleep Disorders

Commentary by Melissa Price, MD, PGY-3

Please also see the clinical vignette presented before last week’s Grand Rounds.

At Medical Grand Rounds on March 11th, 2009, the NYU Medical Community had the immense pleasure of hosting Dr. Allan I. Pack, MD, Ch.B, and Ph.D from the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center as he indulged us in his research on the biological functions of sleep and its regulation.

Studying the importance of sleep and its disorders has never been more relevant. Not only is the Accreditation…

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What is the Role of Colchicine in Recurrent Pericarditis?

March 14, 2009
What is the Role of Colchicine in Recurrent Pericarditis?

Commentary by Sabina Berezovskaya MD, PGY-3

Faculty Peer Reviewed

Up to 32% of patients with acute pericarditis will have a recurrent episode. Acute attacks are commonly precipitated by infections, malignancy, cardiac trauma, myocardial infection, or autoimmune disease. Recurrent pericarditis usually presents with symptoms akin to the acute attack, including chest pain, fever, pericardial rub, typical electrocardiographic findings (i.e. diffuse ST elevations and PR depressions), pericardial effusion and, infrequently, tamponade. The time to relapse after acute pericarditis usually occurs within 18 to 20 months; however some report recurrences…

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Grand Rounds: Gout and Hyperuricemia: Some New Thoughts About an Old Disease

March 11, 2009
Grand Rounds: Gout and Hyperuricemia: Some New Thoughts About an Old Disease

Commentary by Deena Altman MD, PGY-2

Please also see the clinical vignette presented before grand rounds on February 18th.

At medical grand rounds on February 18, 2009, our very own Dr. Pillinger gave a unique overview of the history, pathogenesis, and new theories on an ancient and increasingly common disease, gout.

His talk began with a depiction of gout throughout the ages. Podagra was first described in 2600 BC, with the first urate crystals being recognized in 1961 by…

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Mystery Quiz- The Answer

March 10, 2009
Mystery Quiz- The Answer

Posted by Vivian Hayashi MD and Robert Smith MD, Mystery Quiz Section Editors

The answer to the mystery quiz is allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). The CXR shows right upper lobe opacities, two of which appear round (Image 3, arrow) and another tubular (Image 3, arrowhead), and a left upper lobe opacity which has the characteristics of subsegmental atelectasis (Image 3, double arrows). The CT scan, performed ten days after the CXR, shows central bronchiectasis of the RUL (Image 4, arrows); tubular branching shadows (Image 6, arrow) as…

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Mystery Quiz

March 6, 2009
Mystery Quiz

Posted by Vivian Hayashi MD and Robert Smith MD, Mystery Quiz Section Editors

The patient is a 42 year old male non-smoker with history of poorly controlled asthma (first diagnosed in 1994, recurrent need for steroid treatments but never intubated), severe seasonal allergies with chronic sinusitis, hepatic steatosis, GERD and gout who presented with complaints of five to ten days of myalgias, productive cough, wheezing and chest tightness. His medications included albuterol, fluticasone and formoteral inhalers, montelukast, colchicine, indomethacin prn, and fexofenadine. Exam was significant for T 97.6,…

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Prostate Cancer and Antioxidants

February 25, 2009

Commentary by Christopher Tully MD, PGY-1

Faculty Peer Reviewed

An apple a day. . . keeps the prostate cancer away? While it is an overstatement to say that an apple can prevent cancer, the notion of taking “something” to prevent cancer initiation and growth is nothing new. Primary prevention has long been a goal of researchers and physicians with the aim of preventing the morbidity and mortality associated with malignant disease. Prostate cancer is an appropriate choice in studying this topic since we…

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