PrimeCuts

Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

May 31, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Varun Verma, MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

Our thoughts and prayers this week are with the victims of Joplin, Missouri, who struggle to rebuild their lives after being struck with one of the deadliest tornadoes in US history. Although we can do little about unpredictable natural occurrences, this week’s medical journals reveal some promising interventions that may help us improve the health of our patients.

The New York Times highlighted the National Institutes of Health clinical trial AIM HIGH, the results of which call …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

May 23, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Vincent Santillo, MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

The press and the public that devours it thrive on exciting headlines of misfortune and misdeeds. After a week filled with powerful men acting terribly, it was a relief to see the big new positive news stories — “Paralyzed now walk” and “Coffee Protects from Cancer”. Bring on the caffeine and science fiction as we take a look at some of the more interesting articles appearing this week. The New York Times excitedly announces that “a paralyzed man …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

May 16, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Matthew Ingham, MD

Faculty Peer Review

Change to the established order, in politics as in medicine, is a slow and painstaking process. Across the Middle East and particularly in Syria and Libya, the initial excitement and intensity of popular uprisings has faded as opposition groups dig in to continue their threat to existing regimes. A series of articles in the major medical journals this week present evidence that similarly threatens to overturn our current way of doing things, but, as in politics, change is …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

May 9, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Megha Shah, MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

This week we were witness to the courage, perseverance, and ultimately, the triumph of the American military in the ongoing efforts against terrorism. In a similar, albeit physically less threatening manner, scientists, researchers, and physicians work everyday to prevent and eradicate disease. In this week’s Primecuts, we celebrate those who fight to eliminate threats to our well-being and bring you the latest in the scientific headlines.

The New York Times reported on a study published in the New …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

May 2, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Ian Fagan, MD 

Faculty Peer Reviewed

Is springtime the season for love? Take a look outside—the birds are chirping, the bees are buzzing, the flowers are blooming. There are strangers mingling in the parks, couples out and about holding hands. The energy is palpable and signs of blossoming love are abundant. Even this week’s journals couldn’t avoid matters of the heart.

For instance, the New England Journal of Medicine published an article looking at coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

April 25, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Keri Herzog, MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed 

Amidst tornadoes in the southeast, wildfires in the southwest, and flooding in the northeast, it is often impossible to predict when or who may be affected by the weather that has been afflicting our nation. As we pick up the pieces, and take some control over our lives, it is comforting to know that this week the journals have focused on how we can best utilize our medical and scientific resources to be able to identify and change …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

April 18, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Melissa Mroz, MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

Protection was the theme in journals for the second week of April.  The New York Times and NEJM both published the results from the VA initiative to prevent MRSA infections .  This initiative was implemented in 2007 throughout the VA hospitals.  The “MRSA bundle” included nasal surveillance of all patients on admission, transfer and discharge, contact precautions for colonized and infected patients, hand hygiene, and strict infection control.  The rate of MRSA infection was calculated in events per …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

April 11, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Demetrios Tzimas, MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

Our cousins across the Atlantic are feeling the economic sting: in Great Britain they will be implementing market-style changes to their health care system and moving away from a system of complete central control.  As reported in the New England Journal of Medicine, the British government is instituting financial incentives to improve healthcare for all British citizens through payment reform, shifting control of hospitals to local communities, and giving patients a greater role in decisions about their care.  …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

April 4, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Karen Kan

Faculty Peer Reviewed

As the world continues to monitor the deteriorating political situation in North Africa, this week offered more hopeful news on the national front with the addition of 216,000 jobs to the U.S. economy in March . In matters closer to medicine, this week the journals highlighted the emergence of a promising new medication to treat hepatitis C as well as new ways to think about how we diagnose and treat cardiovascular disease.

 This week in the New England Journal …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

March 28, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Vicky Jones, MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

This past week in research had some interesting findings that may change the way we prevent, diagnose, and treat disease across disciplines.

At the 31st annual International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine last week, the PROTECT investigators showed that dalteparin and unfractionated heparin are equivalent in deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis. The investigators, from Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, conducted a multicenter randomized controlled trial in ICU patients.  They found no difference in the primary …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

March 21, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Ben Wu, MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

As the long winter gives way to a tumultuous spring, we find our attention torn between budding revolutions in North Africa and the Middle East and the worsening environmental catastrophe in Japan. In the midst of these political and public health crises, news of an emerging disease is coming out of China, Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome (SFTS).  Doctors there have identified a novel bunyavirus as the cause of SFTS. The syndrome is associated with fatigue, conjunctival …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

March 14, 2011
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Aviva Regev 

Faculty Peer Reviewed

Spring is in the air: warmer weather, longer days, flowers blooming, and of course, seasonal allergies.  While allergies may be a common cause of respiratory complaints in an outpatient setting, patients suffering from shortness of breath in the hospital are likely to be suffering from some more serious ailments.  The focus of this week’s Primecuts will be on two of the major players in this group: congestive heart failure (CHF) and pneumonia.

 Shortness of breath is a cardinal symptom …

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