PrimeCuts

ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

August 4, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Neil Shapiro, Editor in Chief, Clinical Correlations 

Summer. A time for exercise, eating right and staying healthy. It’s a time to take things slow and focus on the lighter side of life. Summer is definitely a time to avoid delving into the deep, heavy, ground breaking stuff. So consider this a disclaimer for this week’s edition of ShortCuts- it’s a few less calories, not quite earth shattering but no less intriguing…ironically keeping with our theme this week , researchers everywhere…

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

July 28, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Michael Tanner MD, Section Editor, Clinical Correlations

This week in the Lancet, a study of the life expectancy of HIV-positive patients in affluent countries highlights the amazing gains made in this disease. The Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration reports that a 20-year-old person starting combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has an average life expectancy of 43 years. A 35-year-old starting cART can look forward to another 32 years of life. That adds up to half-price-Metro-Card eligibility! Life expectancy is 10 years shorter for…

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

July 21, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Cara Litvin MD, Executive Editor, Clinical Correlations

First let’s start off with some rare  good news in the political arena. Last week, the Senate overwhelmingly voted to override President Bush’s veto on a controversial Medicare bill that reverses a scheduled 10.6% cut in Medicare payments to doctors.  Senator Edward Kennedy even made a dramatic appearance to cast his vote. The bill also reduces federal payments to private Medicare Advantage plans. The government currently subsidizes Medicare Advantage plans, paying on average 13% more…

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

July 14, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Bani Chander MD, PGY-3 

Childhood obesity, foodborne illness and the evil pharmaceutical industy…sorry to start your day off with some gloomy topics, but the news is full of it these days. Let’s get started.

Childhood obesity, as we know, has been on the rise, and children are starting not only to eat, but to walk, talk, and act like adults. Now should we also start treating them like adults? This week, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued a new

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

July 7, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Judith Brenner MD, Associate Program Director, NYU Internal Medicine Residency Program

Happy July 4th!  As we celebrate our nation’s 232nd birthday, I sit here wondering what “shortcuts” might have looked like in 1776.  Smallpox inoculation might have made the cut.  Apparently people like Thomas Jefferson inoculated themselves and their families against this dreaded disease via inhalation.  It wasn’t until 20 years later, in 1796, that Dr. Edward Jenner discovered that he could protect people from smallpox by vaccinating them using cowpox. …

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

June 30, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Danise Schiliro- Chuang MD

Welcome to the wide world of shortcuts. While I hope this post comes to you from your laptop while you’re relaxing on the beach with a cool drink, I realize this is likely not the case. Hopefully, reading this post will be refreshing enough.

Also before we start, a warm welcome to the new intern class! We hope that you’re settling in to life as an MD with ease and that you will enjoy shortcuts for…

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

June 23, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Michael Poles MD, Associate Editor, Clinical Correlations 

Hey Blogophiles,

In case you were blogopenic, awaiting the latest installment of shortcuts, here we go.

It is still early morning as I write this. Many folk the world over are sitting down to their 1st or 2nd or perhaps 3rd cup of coffee. Caffeiniacs rejoice because an article in the latest issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine suggests that you may be headed for a longer life. The authors sought to…

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

June 16, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Joshua Remick MD, NYU Senior Chief Resident

We’ll start this week off with some good news—we’re living longer and dying less! At least we were back in 2006. You remember 2006 don’t you? That was the year that Dick Cheney shot his buddy, Pluto was demoted, Brokeback Mountain created the stir but Crash won the Oscar, Roger Clemens unretired for the 3rd time (more on this in a bit) and Taylor Hicks was your American Idol. This week the CDC released…

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

June 9, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Neil Shapiro MD, Editor-in-Chief, Clinical Correlations

Spiking oil prices, unemployment at 5.5%, Israel considering bombing Iran, 95 degree heat in early June, the White House exaggerating the case to go to war…the news was just tremendously uplifting this week. At least the democrats seem to be getting their act together. Sorry to start ShortCuts on a downer, but I thought maybe what follows could be seen as a reprieve from the news, where you can spend a moment not cursing the…

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

June 2, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Henry Tran, MD

Opiate-induced constipation is frequently encountered by hospitalized patients. As Ben Franklin said, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure,” therefore an aggressive bowel regiment of stool softeners and laxatives will often prevent this problem from becoming a serious one. Not shockingly conventional bowel regiments sometimes don’t work and clinicians must resort to other treatments. Oral naloxone (Narcan) in escalating doses has been shown to be a successful treatment for opiate-induced constipation and even for post-op…

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

May 28, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Josh Olstein MD, NYU Chief Resident 

This week’s edition of shortcuts begins with an article from the NEJM looking at the role of cardiac troponin in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Many of us have “cycled the trops” countless times to evaluate patients with chest pain. However the utility of troponin measurement in patients with CHF is less clear. In this study the authors examined short-term outcomes of patients admitted with CHF exacerbations that had troponin data available on…

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

May 19, 2008
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Michael Tanner, M.D., Section Editor, Clinical Correlations

In the May 15th issue of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report,  the CDC recommends vaccinating all people 60 and older against shingles with one dose of zoster vaccine.  Let’s all get straight with the nomenclature here.  Varicella is chickenpox, zoster is shingles, and varicella zoster is the DNA herpesvirus that causes both of them.  Ninety-eight percent of adult Americans have varicella zoster virus latently lurking in their sensory dorsal root ganglia neurons.  The…

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