Grand Rounds: “Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pathogenesis-Studies of an Opportunist”

November 9, 2007
Grand Rounds: “Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pathogenesis-Studies of an Opportunist”

Welcome to our Grand Rounds Series. Each week, we plan to post a summary of the week’s Medicine Grand Rounds lecture. The summaries are reviewed and approved by the grand rounds speaker prior to posting.

Commentary by Ryan Farley MD, PGY-3

This week’s Medicine Grand Rounds guest lecturer was Dr. Barbara Kazmierczak , currently Associate Professor of Medicine and Microbial Pathogenesis at Yale University School of Medicine.  Dr. Kazmierczak is the principal investigator for several NIH grants studying Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulence…

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Inpatient Diabetes Management: Case 6

November 8, 2007
Inpatient Diabetes Management: Case 6

Commentary by Mary Vouyiouklis MD, Fellow, and Ann Danoff MD, Director, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, NYU Medical Center

Welcome to Case 6 of our special diabetes series intended to highlight the essentials of diabetes care in the inpatient setting. Over the last several weeks, we have been presenting individual cases followed by some management questions and answers.

Case 6: The Case of Ms. Longshore

Ms. Longshore is a 21 year old female with type 1 diabetes who was admitted to the…

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Vagally-induced Atrial Fibrillation

November 7, 2007
Vagally-induced Atrial Fibrillation

Case by: Alana Choy-Shan, Chief Resident

Commentary by William Slater MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology

Following Thanksgiving dinner, a 36 year-old healthy man developed palpitations and heart racing. He was evaluated in the emergency room and was noted to be in atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response. All of his other vital signs were within normal limits. He was treated with a beta-blocker for rate control and was started on anticoagulation. Within a few hours, he spontaneously converted to normal…

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Clinical Pathology Conference 11/9/07

November 6, 2007
Clinical Pathology Conference 11/9/07

Case presentation by Shrujal Baxi MD, Chief Resident

Welcome to the monthly posting of our NYU Department of Medicine’s Clinical Pathology Conference. Use the links below to review the case and the radiological findings. Our faculty and medical students will be attempting to diagnose this unknown case Friday 11/9/07 in the 17 West Conference Room at Bellevue Hospital. Feel free to make your diagnosis by clicking the comment field below. For those who are unable to attend the live conference, we will reveal…

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ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

November 5, 2007
ShortCuts-This Week in the Journals

Commentary by Henry Tran, MD 

Hip fractures in the elderly are associated with a very high morbidity and mortality. Often a fracture can be the prelude to an accelerated decline in the health and functionality of a patient. Most hip fractures are related to osteoporosis and the standard of care has been the use of calcium supplementation and bisphosphonates, though long term trial data to support this practice is lacking. This week in the NEJM, Lyles et al. published a trial examining the use of zoledronic…

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Grand Rounds: “Towards Biologically Rational Therapy for Myelodysplastic Sydrome.”

November 2, 2007
Grand Rounds: “Towards Biologically Rational Therapy for Myelodysplastic Sydrome.”

Welcome to our new Grand Rounds Series. Each week, we plan to post a summary of the week’s Medicine Grand Rounds lecture. The summaries are reviewed and approved by the grand rounds speaker prior to posting. Enjoy.

Commentary by Marshall Fordyce MD, Senior Chief Resident 

This week’s Medicine Grand Rounds guest lecturer was Dr. Steven Gore, currently Associate Professor of Oncology, and Faculty Member of Cell and Molecular Medicine, at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Dr. Gore’s research focuses on improving…

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Elevated Total Protein and the Interpretation of Serum Protein Electrophoresis

November 1, 2007
Elevated Total Protein and the Interpretation of Serum Protein Electrophoresis

Commentary by Jamie Hoffman, MD 

A healthy 54 year old man without past medical history presents for a routine physical exam for his insurance company. His blood work reveals a total protein (TP) of 9.4 g/dl and an albumin of 3.0 g/dl. What should be included in this patient’s diagnostic workup?

An elevated TP:Albumin ratio often necessitates finding the protein(s) responsible for such an elevation. Plasma proteins largely consist of albumin and globulins such as immunoglobulins, carrier proteins, and acute phase reactants.…

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Targeting Triglycerides

October 31, 2007
Targeting Triglycerides

Commentary by Josh Remick MD, PGY-3

Hypertriglyceridemia is defined by the NCEP guidelines for treatment as a fasting triglyceride level greater than 200 mg/dL after the target LDL-C level has been achieved (1). When triglyceride levels are greater than 1000 mg/dL, the risk of pancreatitis increases and treatment with fibrates should be started immediately. Many physicians would also argue for treatment of a triglyceride level greater than 500mg/dL. However, it is the triglyceride level between 200 and 500 mg/dL that is a bit more difficult to…

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