Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

June 14, 2016
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

Rina Mauricio, MD

Peer Reviewed 

The presidential primary season ended this week. Former senator Hillary Clinton secured enough delegates to win the Democratic nomination, though her opponent Bernie Sanders has not given up the fight. On the Republican side, Donald Trump is focused on the general election, with Ted Cruz and John Kasich long gone from the race.

This presidential election has already proven to be historic. Hillary Clinton is likely to be the democratic nominee, thus securing her place in history as the first …

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Gun Violence: A Public Health Concern?

June 9, 2016
Gun Violence: A Public Health Concern?

By Matthew B. McNeill, MD

Peer Reviewed

One can often feel numb or indifferent to the seemingly nightly reports of gun deaths on American news programs. Individual homicides, suicides, or accidental gun deaths are tragic and tragically commonplace. However, over the last two decades, a tide of unrest with the current role of guns in America has arisen in the wake of mass school shootings in places such as Jonesboro, AR (1998, 5 killed, 10 injured), Columbine, CO (1999, 13 killed, 24 injured), Red Lake …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

June 6, 2016
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Dana Zalkin, MD

Peer Reviewed

This week boxing champion and international legend Muhammad Ali passed away at the age of 74. Ali has been recognized as one the best, if not the best, heavyweight boxer the sport has ever seen .  But it wasn’t just his athletic prowess that distinguished him; Ali was known for his religious views, his strong political stances, and his very publicized battle with Parkinson’s disease.  Barack and Michelle Obama summed it up nicely when they remarked on “how fortunate …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

May 31, 2016
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Jung-Eun Ha, MD

Peer Reviewed

These past few weeks have seen some very interesting news items. The first genitourinary reconstructive (penile) transplant in the US was performed by surgeons at Massachusetts General Hospital earlier this month. The patient lost his organ to penile cancer in 2012 and has thus far had an uneventful post-operative course, including the resumption of normal urination. This surgery follows two earlier penile transplants performed abroad. The first transplant was in China in 2005, but the transplant had to be …

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Wearable Health Trackers: Better behaviors, or Fashion fads?

May 25, 2016
Wearable Health Trackers: Better behaviors, or Fashion fads?

By David Valentine, MD

Peer Reviewed

Currently, well over one third of US adults use at least one health-related online service or app, with almost half of those focused on physical activity 1. With the growing popularity of wearable health tracking devices such as the Fitbit, Nike Fuel, Jawbone and more, the prevalence of these technologies is only set to grow. However, while more and more people know more and more about their health and habits by the day, little is known about perhaps the …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

May 23, 2016
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Priya Patel, MD

Peer Reviewed

This last week, ISIS had a number of terrorist attacks, confirming a shift from traditional battlefield tactics back to targeted attacks seen prior to 2014. They confirmed their role in the bombings at a gas plant in Baghdad which killed 10 and injured 24 . Just days prior to this, 66 were killed in a bombing in a Baghdad food market and 87 others were injured .

In the U.S., even more attention has been turned towards likely Republican …

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Can N-Acetylcysteine be Used in Non-Acetaminophen Induced Acute Liver Failure?

May 20, 2016
Can N-Acetylcysteine be Used in Non-Acetaminophen Induced Acute Liver Failure?

By David Pineles, MD

Peer Reviewed

In the early 1970’s, scientists discovered in animal models that a minor metabolite of acetaminophen, N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine (NAPQI), accumulates in the body after ingestion. This metabolite is normally conjugated by glutathione, but when acetaminophen is taken in excess, the body’s glutathione reserves are inadequate to inactivate all of the toxic NAPQI. This metabolite is then free to cause direct damage to hepatocytes. If present in high enough concentrations, the liver damage can be so extensive that it results in …

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Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

May 11, 2016
Primecuts – This Week In The Journals

By Tania Ruiz-Maya, MD

Peer Reviewed

This past week there was great news for all animal advocates and conservationists when the world’s largest chimpanzee research facility, Louisiana’s New Iberia Research Center (NIRC), announced that it will release all 220 of its chimps to a sanctuary in what it is calling the largest resettlement of chimpanzees from a U.S. research center . The transfer to Project Chimps, a 95-hectare sanctuary in the mountains of northern Georgia, will be completed in the next 3 to 5 years. …

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