The USPSTF updated their 2003 recommendation statements for vitamin supplementation to prevent cardiovascular disease and cancer. These recommendations should be applied to healthy adults over 50 years of age that otherwise do not require any special nutritional needs. It does not apply to children, pregnant women, those who are chronically ill, or people who have a known nutritional deficiency. At this time, the USPSTF concluded that there is insufficient evidence to assess the harms and benefits of multivitamins for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer (I statement). With regards to the harms and benefits of single or paired-nutrient supplements (not including carotene and vitamin E), they deemed the current evidence also insufficient for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer (I statement). They currently recommend against carotene or vitamin E supplements for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer (D statement).
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