PrimeCuts

Primecuts-This Week in the Journals

August 17, 2009
Primecuts-This Week in the Journals

Ivan Saraiva, MD

Faculty peer reviewed

This week’s edition of PrimeCuts will focus on an old friend, influenza, as well as a couple of other viruses. The novel swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) pandemic has no signs of decreasing its intensity. The New York Times reports on the pandemic reaching India, with nearly 1,200 cases and at least 17 deaths reported thus far. As the flu spreads in the southern hemisphere, the US prepares for a resurgence this fall.…

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PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

August 10, 2009
PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

Jeff Mayne MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

This weeks PrimeCuts focuses on vertebroplasty for vertebral compression fractures, Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) misconceptions, and the efficacy of screening for intimate partner violence. Vertebroplasty is performed by injecting an acrylic cement into the collapsed vertebral body. On August 6th, the New York Times reported that last year, about 73,000 Americans had the treatment, which costs $2,500 to $3,000…and that results from new studies indicate the procedure is “no better than placebo.” The two articles…

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PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

August 3, 2009
PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

Michael Chu MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

With summer well underway and a new class of interns having gotten their feet wet by now (perhaps it might feel more like drowning for a few), we have a few interesting articles in the news this past week, ranging from black-market organ sales in the US to immunodeficiency viruses in chimpanzees.

This past week the press reported on an FBI probe into corruption charges in New Jersey involving mayors and…

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PrimeCuts- This Week in the Journals

July 27, 2009
PrimeCuts- This Week in the Journals

Onyeka Okonkwo MD

Faculty peer reviewed

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia affecting over 4.5 million Americans, with cases in the US projected to triple over the next 40 years in the absence of advancements in therapy. With the aging of the American population, the disease has become an increasingly significant source of healthcare spending, with over 80 billion dollars dedicated annually to the care of patients with Alzheimer’s. Consequently, a number of research…

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PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

July 20, 2009
PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

Farshid Yazdi MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

In America, we are quickly coming upon a moment in history that will likely affect us for decades to come. A recent article in the New York Times describes the upcoming health care bill as one that will transform our health care system. President Obama has vowed to have these bills passed before the summer sessions end, but some in Congress are apprehensive about releasing such a major bill so quickly. With 45…

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PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

July 13, 2009
PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

Ami Jhaveri MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

A low calorie diet, high adiponectin levels, new anti-cancer agents, and for patients on erythropoietin, hemoglobin levels between 9-12 g/dL are on the prescription pad this summer.

The New York Times reported that a low calorie diet may extend life in primates. Researchers at the University of Wisconsin have been studying rhesus monkeys and the effects of low calorie diets on their health and mortality. As the average lifespan of rhesus…

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PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

July 6, 2009
PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

Ishmeal Bradley MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

Let’s face it, the American population is getting older. With the graying of our populace (life expectancy 80 years for females, 74 for males), there has come an increased need for better quality of care and more cost-effective preventive care. The current healthcare fiscal crisis only highlights the need to more carefully spend our healthcare dollars. This week, the journals spent considerable space discussing the particular needs of the elderly and the preventive…

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PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

June 29, 2009
PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

Sarah Moore MD

Faculty peer reviewed

If you’ve seen the news or even the cover this week’s Economist on newsstands (Obama as surgeon with a very large needle promising that yes, it’s going to hurt- a lot), you may think that healthcare in the U.S. is all about the money. In keeping with this theme the journals this past week have included a flurry of Markov models and QALY’s to answer the same question- is it worth it?…

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PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

June 22, 2009
PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

Microbes and Molecules

Jon-Emile Kenny MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

With the recent sensory overload regarding swine flu, I’ve spent considerable time pondering our immune system – and what an amazing system it is! From minor respiratory tract infections, to chronic viral replication and overwhelming bacterial sepsis, the immune system mobilizes a myriad of macromolecules to maintain our health.

In the Journal of the American Medical Association this week, Cruz et al. reported…

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PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

June 15, 2009
PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

Aditya Matoo MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

The New York Times was on our case again this week reminding us (meaning Americans) of our poor lifestyle habits. They reported that middle-aged Americans are eating fewer fruits and vegetables, drinking more alcohol, exercising less, and, as we all know, becoming more obese, according to a study published in the American Journal of Medicine.Admittedly…mea culpa. With the long hours and late nights of residency, it’s pretty difficult to eat well and exercise…

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PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

June 8, 2009
PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

Kathir Palanisamy MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

Let’s start the week with an update about the swine flu before turning our attention to tuberculosis. The New York Times reported on 6/5/09 that there have been 623 confirmed cases, 375 hospitalizations, and eight confirmed deaths linked to the swine flu in the U.S. To put that into perspective, the seasonal flu claims 1000 lives, on average. NYC health officials continue to urge those citizens with complicating medical factors as well as…

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PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

June 1, 2009
PrimeCuts: This Week in the Journals

Jessica Lambert MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

One hot topic making news this week is government spending on substance abuse, addiction and its consequences, both medical and legal. As reported in The New York Times, the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse issued a report estimating that $468 billion was dispensed in 2005 for smoking, alcohol abuse and illegal drugs, with the majority of this huge financial burden allocated for direct health care costs associated with lung disease, cirrhosis…

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