Nutrition

Does Cranberry Juice Prevent Urinary Tract Infections?

November 9, 2011
Does Cranberry Juice Prevent Urinary Tract Infections?

By Jessie Yu

Faculty Peer Reviewed

A healthy 21-year-old female college student presents to clinic after one day of dysuria and increased frequency. You diagnose her with a recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI), and as you hand her a prescription for empiric antibiotic treatment, she asks you if drinking cranberry juice will prevent these in the future…

Drinking cranberry juice to prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs) has been a traditional folk remedy for hundreds of years. Stroll into any New York City pharmacy and you …

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Do Soft Drinks Cause Hypertension?

July 8, 2011
Do Soft Drinks Cause Hypertension?

By Ivan Saraiva, MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

Sugared soft drinks are among the most heavily consumed drinks in the US. Carbonated soft drinks were first invented as a way to make “healthier” water that looked like natural carbonated waters that were found in European spas in the mountains. The name soda came from the use of bicarbonate of soda, which was used to produce carbonation (for an excellent review of the history of beverages, refer to Wolf et al..  Unfortunately, we no longer realize any …

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If I Eat Candy and Fatty Foods, Will I Get Acne?

June 3, 2011
If I Eat Candy and Fatty Foods, Will I Get Acne?

By Timothy Wu, MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

A 17-year-old female comes into the clinic for an annual health checkup.  During the visit she reveals that she has been dealing with acne so severe that she is often embarrassed to go to school.  She states that her diet often consists of lots of candy, fast food, and soft drinks.  She asks, “Am I getting acne because of what I eat?”

Introduction

Acne is a common skin disorder that affects more than 17 million people in the …

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The Hangover: Pathophysiology and Treatment of an Alcohol-Induced Hangover

May 27, 2011
The Hangover: Pathophysiology and Treatment of an Alcohol-Induced Hangover

By Anthony Tolisano

Faculty Peer Reviewed

The sunlight forces its way into your eyes, stabbing at your cortex.  Suddenly, a wave of nausea and diarrhea grips your stomach, threatening to evacuate its contents.  You rush to the bathroom, tripping over the clothes that speckle your apartment.  Your heart pounds inside your chest and your hands shake ever so subtly.  Your mind is in a fog and the details of last night’s party are a blur.  Sound familiar?

If you’re anything like the millions of people …

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From the Archives: Myths and Realities: Is Breakfast the Most Important Meal of the Day?

May 26, 2011
From the Archives: Myths and Realities: Is Breakfast the Most Important Meal of the Day?

Please enjoy this post from the Clinical Correlations archives first posted June 18, 2009

By Chau Che MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

In an age when two thirds of adults are either overweight or obese and obesity rates in children continue to rise, would an intervention such as consuming breakfast daily help combat this problem? Skipping breakfast has become increasingly common in adults and adolescents in the United States, with the proportion of adults and children skipping breakfast increasing from fourteen to twenty-five percent between 1965 …

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Warning: Drinking Cola May Be Dangerous To Your Health

May 11, 2011
Warning: Drinking Cola May Be Dangerous To Your Health

By Jessica Leifer

Faculty Peer Reviewed

As a new third year medical student excited to finally be seeing my own patients and still looking for my style as an interviewer, I approach the social history in the systematic way we have learned in the first 2 years of medical school. God forbid I leave something out. Over the past month of my first clerkship, I’ve grown comfortable with asking the uncomfortable questions: Are you currently sexually active? With men, women, or both? Do you use …

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Is Dark Chocolate Good For You?

March 30, 2011
Is Dark Chocolate Good For You?

By Lisa Parikh, MD

Faculty Peer Reviewed

I was recently counseling an overweight patient about nutrition and exercise when he asked, “Doc, is it true what they say about dark chocolate being good for you?” I told him that although I had heard about this, I was actually not too sure about the evidence behind this. As a strong supporter of the “I wish that the best tasting foods were good for you” club, I decided this was the type of research that warranted my …

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From The Archives: The Skinny on Cachexia…Can it be Treated?

March 24, 2011
From The Archives: The Skinny on Cachexia…Can it be Treated?

Please enjoy this post from the Clinical Correlations archives first posted April 22, 2009

Michael T. Tees, MD, MPH

On the wards and in the clinic, the physician is frequently presented with a patient with a decreased appetite and alarming weight loss. The patient is likely frustrated with their own fraility, the family is upset at the poor nutritional state of their loved one, but the healthcare provider should be the most concerned. This clinical presentation without a prior diagnosis is worrisome, and if the …

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